Photo: Shehzad Noorani, White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood Photo: Shehzad Noorani, White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood Photo: Shehzad Noorani, White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood Photo: Shehzad Noorani, White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood Photo: Shehzad Noorani, White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood Photo: WHO/P. Virot
DCI is an independent non-governmental organisation set up during the International Year of the Child (1979) to ensure on-going, practical, systematic and concerted international action specially directed towards promoting and protecting the rights of the child.
About DCI
DCI in the World
Documentation Centre
International Instruments
Contact Us
How to Help
Child Labour Desk

• Activities of the Child Labour Desk

• FAQ on Child Labour

• DCI's Position on Child Labour

• International Instruments

• Upcoming Events

• Useful Publications on Child Labour

• E-Newsletter

• Contact the Child Labour Desk

Juvenile Justice

Child Rights Education and Participation" We are Protagonists"

• Paraguay's Communication Campaign

Projects in the Pipeline

Useful Publications on Child Labour

Browse by author: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Admassie A. (2002) Allocation of Children’s Time Endowment between Schooling and Work in Rural Ethiopia . Center for Development Research (ZEF), Bonn . The aim of the study was to examine the decision-making behaviour of subsistence rural households with respect to allocating their children’s unit-time endowment among competing activities, including work and school attendance. For more information, Website: 

ActionAid (2003) Fast Track or back Track? The Education Fast Track Initiative: make or break for the Monterrey consensus. In April2002 the international community launched the Fast Track Initiative to mobile the resources needed to provide every child with free, quality basic education by 2015. This report explores how one year on, donor back tracking on early commitments is threatening to jeopardize progress. For more information, please visit the Website:

Action Aid (2003) Education in Africa : responding to a human rights violation This paper looks at the concept of the ‘right to education’ in theory and in practice and proposes an outline for what a rights-based response to education in Africa would involve. This can be found online at:

ADB (2003) Working with Street Children: exploring ways for ADB assistance. This paper examines development approaches as ways in which to provide assistance to street children, taking into account the existing needs of service provision. It also includes case studies and a list of main publications and websites dealing with street children. It is possible to download the document from:
Information and Contact: ADB Publications Unit, Fax: +632 636 2648, Email: [email protected]

Africa Recovery (2002) A trouble decade for Africa ’s children: liberating girls form Trokosi , p.9. This article deals with a campaign against ritual servitude in Ghana , namely sexual exploitation and forced labour of girls by priests.

Ainsworth, M. (2002) Poverty, AIDS and children’s schooling: a targeting dilemma, World Bank. This paper analyzes the relationship between orphan status, household wealth, and child school enrollment using data collected in the 1990s from 28 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America , the Caribbean , with one country in Southeast Asia . For more information, please visit the website:

Akpan E-O, B. (2002) Human Rights Protection for Overworked Women and the Girl-child Living in Traditional Rural Gambian Society. The Danish Centre for Human Rights. For more information contact the Danish Centre for Human Rights, Tel: +45 32 69 88 88, Fax: +45 32 69 88 00, E-mail: [email protected], website:

Aksit, Bahattin Dr, Karanci, Nuray Dr, Gunduz-Hosgor, Ayse Dr (2001) Turkey, Working Street Children in Three Metropolitan cities: A Rapid Assessment, No. 7, ILO, Geneva. Through interviews, observation, and literature reviews, the study to identify the kinds of work done by children, their living and working conditions, the socio-demographics of their families and various attitudes toward street work and education was carried out. Available soon at

Alexandrescu G. (2002) Romania , Working Street Children in Bucharest : A Rapid Assessment. ILO-IPEC, Geneva , Switzerland . The Rapid Assessment (RA) methodology is intended to provide relevant information in a relatively quick and cost efficient way to serve as an essential tool for public awareness, programming and in-depth research. It is ideally suited for obtaining detailed knowledge of the working and life circumstances of children by means of discussions and interviews. For more information, go to the Website:

Alfredson, L (2001) Sexual Exploitation of Child Soldiers: An exploration and analysis of the global dimensions and trends, Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers, London . The report looks at progresses in research and examines global dimensions and trends in the sexual exploitation of child soldiers, revealing some of its basic patterns and suggesting root causes. For more information and for the report, please visit

Amnesty International (2003) Pakistan : Children Let Down by Justice System . This report is the follow up to a review done by the UN committee on the Rights of the Child, in Pakistan . The report focuses on the lack of awareness and the failure to implement the measures set out in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, of which Pakistan ratified in 1990. For an online version of this document, please visit For more information, please contact: Amnesty International Tel: +44 20 7814 6200, Fax: +44 20 7833 1510, Email: [email protected]

Amnesty International (2003) Amnesty International Report 2003 Whilst the war on Iraq has taken over much of the international agenda and focus, ‘forgotten’ conflicts in Côte d’Ivoire, Colombia, Nepal etc. have been receiving less attention. The annual report of 2003 focuses on human rights violations in 151 countries and territories that took place during 2002. The report is available in English, French, Arabic, Spanish, German, Greek and Russian. For an online version of the report, please go to: Information and contact: Tel: 0044 20 7814 6200, Fax: 0044 20 7833 1510 Email: [email protected] Website:

Amnesty International (2003) Democratic Republic of Congo : children at war. This report focuses on the use of child soldiers in the Great Lakes region. This report is available online at: Website:

Amnesty International (2002) Annual Report. London . The report denounces human rights violations, including violations against the Rights of the child. Each country is concerned. For further information,

Amnesty International (2002) La Chronique. In its French monthly magazine released in June, an article denounced the use of slavery in countries such as Nepal or Niger . The research presents information on child slavery and the working conditions in which the children are kept.

Amnesty International (2001) PARAGUAY Conscription: Recruitment of children, routine ill treatment and unexplained deaths, London . A report denouncing the very present phenomenon of the recruitment of children into the Paraguayan armed forces and the national police. For further information and for the report, please visit

Amparita S. Sta. Maria (2002) Study on Legal Protection of Child Domestic Workers in Asia Pacific. The study examines the child domestic workers from a legal perspective, focusing on the existing labour laws and on available enforcement mechanism in addressing the issue. For online version of this research study, please go to:

Anti- Slavery International (2002) Human Trafficking, London . A video on the phenomenon of commercial human trade, from the prostitution rackets in Europe to child trafficking in West Africa .

Anti- Slavery International, (2002) International Action against Child Labour: Guide to monitoring and complaints procedures, London . A guide on mechanisms for action against child labour in English, Spanish and French, available in pdf format at: Information: [email protected]

Anti- Slavery International (2001) International Workshop for Practitioners on Domestic Work-Summary Report, London . A short report available in English, French and Spanish on the Workshop held by Anti-Slavery.
Available on Anti-Slavery’s website:

Anti- Slavery International/ICFTU (2001). Forced Labour in the 21 st Century, London . This report presents case studies and pictures of forced labour including trafficking and child labour.

Ashley, L; Mackay, K./International Youth Parliament (IYP), Oxfam (2003) Access to and Privatisation of Education This document considers the effects of globalisation on young people and their communities in specific relation to education. It reveals that the processes of globalisation have both positive and negative effects on young people’s right to education. Available online at: Website:



Baffert, S (2002) Ces ouvriers aux dents de lait: le travail des enfants, Syros Jeunesse, Paris. A book for children on child labour. Publication in French.

Baker R. (2001) The sexual exploitation of working children – guide for action to eliminate the worst forms of child labour. Department for International Development, United Kingdom . The purpose of these guidelines is to explain the inter-linkages between the sexual exploitation of children and broader human rights issues, and to identify strategies to achieving the rights of children. For more information, contact the Social Development Department, Department for International Development, Tel: +44-20-7917-7000, Email: [email protected], Website:

Barker G., Knaul F., Cassinga N. (2000 ) Urban Girls: Four times exploited, four times empowered . Intermediate Technology Development Group Publishing. This book offers practical approaches to improve and empower the lives of at-risk, low-income, urban-based girls and young women. For more information, contact the Intermediate Technology Development Group Publishing, Email: [email protected], Website:

Barth, E. (2003) The Reintegration of Female Soldiers in Post Conflict Societies. This article gives a concise summary of the problems faced by girls that have been involved in war and the questions that arise concerning their rehabilitation and reintegration into society and how well society will accept them. To download this article, please go to:

Basic Education Coalition (2004) Teach a Child, Transform a Nation. This report discusses the situation of basic education in the world and the benefits that it can bring to a nation. This document is available online at: Website:

Bennell, P. / DFID (2004) Teacher Motivation and Incentives in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia This paper examines the extent to which the material as well as psychological needs of teachers in developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. This document is available online at: For more information, please visit:

Birdsall, N.; Ibrahim A.J.; Gupta, G.R. / Millenium Project (2004) Millenium Task Force on Education and Gender Equality: interim report on achieving the Millenium Development Goal of Universal Primary Education This interim report is an attempt to transfer information between civil society, experts and the international community on the priorities and strategies of the UN Millenium Development Goals with regards to girl’s education, in preparation of the final report that is to be completed in December 2004. This document is available online at: For more information, please visit:

Black, M./Save the Children (2004) Opening Minds, Opening Up Opportunities: children’s participation in action for working children This report was produced in order to explore the impact and lessons learned from working children’s participation by examining some case studies. This document is available online at: Website:

Beegle, K.; Dehejia, R.H.; Gatti, R./World Bank (2003) Child Labour, Income Shocks, and Access to Credit. This paper examines the relationship between child labour and access to credit. It shows that households without regular access to credit are more likely to use child labour to supplement their income. For an online version of this document, please go to: Information and contact: Tel: 001 202 477 1234 Fax: 001 202 477 63491 Website:

Benniger-Budel, C. and Bourke-Martignoni, J. (2002) Violence Against Women: for the protection and promotion of the human rights of women. OMCT (World Organisation Against Torture): Geneva . OMCT has put together a collection of ten reports regarding violence against women in ten countries. Some reports also address the issue of trafficking in women and girls. For more information contact: OMCT (World Organisation Against Torture), P.O, Box 21 , 8 Rue du Vieux-Billard, 1211 Geneva 8, Switzerland Tel: 0041 22 809 49 39 Fax:: 0041 22 809 49 29 Email: Website:

Bhalotra, S. (2001) On Selfish Parents and Child Labour. Universities of Cambridge and Bristol . The paper offers an economic analysis of how parents may act as a driving force to child labour through their choices and consumption. The paper is available in pdf format: at the following address:

BICE (2001) Developing a Community Programme for Prevention of and Recovery from Child Sexual Abuse. This manual is based on the experience of the PEACE/BICE programme in Sri Lanka . It is intended to offer some guidelines for action, to personnel at two levels of programme design and implementation: policy makers and those responsible for programme design and preparation of proposals, and practitioners in the field. For more information, contact BICE, Tel: +41-22-731-32-48, Email: [email protected], Website:

Biggeri, M.; Mehrota, S. (2002) The Subterranean Child Labour Force: subcontracted home based manufactory in Asia . This paper draws on surveys carried out in India , Pakistan , Indonesia , Philippines , Thailand , where production of manufactured goods is subcontracted to home-based workers widely. It examines the incidence of child work in such households, the child’s schooling, reasons why children are working, their work conditions, health, and gender issues. For on line version of this publication, please go to: Website:

Bjinsdorp, M.; Montgomery , M. (2003) “ Gambia …the smiling coast!”: a study of child sex tourism in the Gambia and the involvement of Dutch tourists , Terre des Hommes- Netherlands . This paper reports on research undertaken to establish whether or not there is a significant problem of abuse of children by Dutch tourists in the Gambia . The report also examines the Laws of the Gambia and the Netherlands as well as international conventions and protocols to see how children could be better protected. For more information, contact Terre des Hommes- Netherlands, Tel: +31-70-310-5000, Email: [email protected]

Bourdillon, M./University of Zimbabwe (2001) Earning a Life: working children in Zimbabwe This publication challenges the complete eradication of child labour. The findings included in this book are based upon case studies of children in Zimbabwe and the tasks that they are required to carry out, especially when adults are unable to work. For more information on this publication, please go to: and to order a copy, please contact: Weaver Press, Box A1922 , Avondale, Harare , Zimbabwe , Email: [email protected]

Boyle, S.; Brock, A.; Mace, J.; Sibbons, M./DFID Department for International Development (2002) Reaching the Poor: the ‘costs’ of sending children to school a six country comparative study. The study focuses on the main setbacks to education in the poorest households in Bangladesh , Nepal , Sri Lanka , Kenya , Uganda and Zambia . It not only outlines the reasons parents send their children to school but also includes the views of children. For an online version of this document please go to: For more information, please contact: DFID, Tel: 0044 207 023 0000, Fax: 00 44 207 023 0016, Email: [email protected] k or [email protected], Website:

Brown D. K., Deardorff A. V., Stern Robert M. (2001) Child Labor: Theory, Evidence and Policy. No 474, University of Michigan . The objective of this paper is to evaluate the policy initiatives targeted on child labour in light of the newly emerging theoretical argumentation and empirical evidence Butterflies (2002) My Name is Today – Participation, New Delhi . It includes articles about child participation in welfare and development programmes and looks at issues related to children’s rights. For further information: Butterflies – Programme for Street and Working Children, U 4 Green Park Extension, 1 st Floor, New Delhi, 110016, India. For more information, Tel. 00 91 616 3935; Fax. 00 91 11 619 6117. Email: [email protected]



Cameron, S (2001) Out of War, UNICEF, New York . A book gathering the testimony of young people active in the Children’s Peace Movement in Colombia, who have devoted their lives to the cause of ending violence.

Campaign against child labour CNCL (2001) Campaign against child labour-Update, India . A short presentation (8 pages) of the NGO’s actions in the promoting and the defence of the Rights of the Child including child labour such as child domestic servants.

CARE International Ghana/Togo/Benin (2003) Reaching Under-served Populations with Basic Education in Deprived areas of Ghana : emerging good practices. Section 1 This document is a report on a study carried out in ‘under-served’ areas of Ghana with the aim of discovering education efforts in these areas, particularly with regards to women and girls. It also aims to describe the most successful efforts and why they were a success. For an online version of this document, please go to: Information and contact: Tel: +233 21 226 001 / +228 263610 Fax: +233 21 764 547 / +228 264084 Email: [email protected]

CARE International Ghana (2003) Reaching Under-served Populations with Basic Education in Deprived areas of Ghana : emerging best pratices: Section 2: Alternative Education Program Profiles The second part of this study examines the efficiency of alternative education programmes in several countries within and outside Africa . For an online version of this document, please go to: Information and contact: Tel: +233 21 226 001 / +228 263610 Fax: +233 21 764 547 / +228 264084 Email: [email protected]

Casa Alianza (2002) Investigation on the Trafficking, Sex Tourism, Pornography and Prostitution of Children in Central America and Mexico , Miami . The report looks at commercial sexual exploitation of children in Central America .

CERC (2004) Child Poverty in France . This report completed by the Council for Employment, Income and Social Cohesion (CERC) focuses on the situation of child poverty and its causes in France . A summary of the report in English is available at: The report is available in French in its entirety at:

Child Labour News Service (2001) Information received on child labour around the world, Global March against child labour. The report examines the situation on child labour, street children armed conflict, sexual exploitation, trafficking and sale and rehabilitative care in a wide range of countries including Europe ( United Kingdom , Italy ).

Child Workers in Asia , (2001) Newsletter, Vol.17, number 2/3 May-December. This issue of the newsletter deals with child domestic work, child soldiers and bonded child labour. For further information: cwanet or

Children’s Research Centre (2003) Helping Children Feel They Belong. This handbook from the Children’s Research Centre, Trinity College , Dublin , is a model of good practice for those working in community-based projects. It is hoped to be especially useful for those working with children as well as project managers, donors or partners that support community based projects. For more information please write to Mr Colm Smyth [email protected] or phone +353-1-608 29 82

Clean Clothes Campaign (2002) Child labour and labour rights in the sporting goods industry: a case for corporate social responsibility. This report attempts to re-examine the situation of child labour in the sporting goods industry in India . For more information contact: For an online version of this report please go to:

Cockburn, J./Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) (2002) Income Contributions of Child Work in Rural Ethiopia This paper shows that a key factor in influencing decisions for going to school or child work is the contribution that a child can make to the household income by working. For an online version of this document, please go to: Information and contact: Tel: 01 865 271084 Fax: 01 865 281447 Email: [email protected]

Cohen, J. (2003) Borderline Slavery: Child Trafficking in Togo , Human Rights Watch. The report highlights Togo as a case study of trafficking in the region. It documents how children as young as three years old are exploited as domestic and agricultural workers in several countries. For more information, contact Human Rights Watch, Children’s Rights Division, Tel: +1-212-216-18-37, Email: [email protected], Website:

Commission on Human Rights (2001) Rights of the child / ECOSOC. Written statement submitted by Romanian Independent Society of Human Rights. In this document, the ONG denounces child labour in Romania amongst other violations of the right of children like torture or abandonment.Commission on Human Rights (2002) Exploitation of children, particularly in the context of prostitution and domestic servitude, ECOSOC. This publication presents information received from governments on various issues related to slavery and specific actions against trafficking in children.

Concerned for Working Children, (2002) A Journey in Children’s Participation, concerned for working children. This paper has brought together some of the experiences and perceptions related to children’s participation. Contact: [email protected]. Website:

Concerned for Working Children (2002) Child Labour and Sustainable Development. A publication on the link between child labour and lack of sustainable development. Contact: [email protected]

Connors T. (2002) We are not machines. This report has found that Indonesian Nike and Adidas workers are paid so little they are forced to separate from their children. For more information, please visit the Clean Clothes Campaign’s website:

Consortium for Street Children UK/Anti-Slavery International, Child Labour in the Informal Economy: from Individual Working Children to a National Plan, London . The report is based on a 1999 workshop entitled Child Labour in the Informal Urban Sector”, organised by the Consortium for Street Children, UK and Anti-Slavery International and funded by the UK Department for International Development. The report includes issues discussed at the workshop, such as factors behind child labour and collaboration with international donors. NGOs’ experiences on programmes for the improvement of working conditions and the promotion of alternative forms of work for children were discussed in the workshop and are analysed in the report. These were specific to three countries: Ecuador , Mexico and Peru . For a free electronic copy of the report, please contact Marie Wernham, Consortium for Street Children: [email protected]

Cook, C.; Hanieh, A.; Kay, A. (2004) Stolen Youth: the politics of Israel ’s detention of Palestinian children . This is the first book that takes a detailed look at the incarceration of Palestinian children in Israel . It is a compilation of first-hand information provided by NGOs and human rights groups in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and also includes interviews with children who have been imprisoned. For more information, please contact: DCI-Palestine Tel: (+972) 2 240 7530 Fax: (+972) 2 240 7018 E-mail: [email protected] Website:

Cornia, G.A.(2002) Harnessing globalization for children, UNICEF. This report assesses the impact of the latest wave of globalization on children. It also examines the kinds of policies and programs that can best harness globalization’s benefits on their behalf. For more information, contact UNICEF, Website:

CRIN (2003) Reader on National Plans of Action for Children: Follow-up to ‘A World Fit for Children’ and the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children. This is the second reader published by CRIN and contains selected resources pertaining to the follow-up to the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children and includes the outcome document ‘A World Fit for Children’. It includes a selection of guidelines for (a) the development of National Action Plans and (b) monitoring and involvement strategies. It also cites basic texts, regional commitments and evaluation guidelines. For an online version of this document please go to: For more information, please contact: CRIN Child Rights Information Network c/o Save the Children, Tel: 0044 207 716 2240, Fax: 0044 207 793 7628, Email: [email protected] g , Website:

Crowley, A.; Vulliamy, C./Save the Children (2004 ) Listen Up! Chidren Talk: about smacking; This report of Save the Children documents the experiences and opinions of 70 children in Wales on the issue of ‘smacking’. Researchers met with primary school children and through using an alien character called ‘Splodge’, asked them a series of questions on what it is to be ‘smacked’, what it feels like and the reasons why it happens. For more information, please contact: Publications Unit, Save the Children, 1 St. John's Lane, London, EC1M 4AR, United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7012 6400 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7012 6963 Email: [email protected] or visit:

CSC (2004) Child Soldier Use in 2003. The Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers has produced this report which shows that children have continued to be used as soldiers, sex slaves, labourers, porters and spies throughout the year 2003. It also contains recommendations to the Security Council in order to help it formulate solutions. This report can be downloaded from: Website:

Cunningham, W.; Correla, M./World Bank (2003) Caribbean Youth Development: issues and policy directions. This report focuses on youth development within the Caribbean context. It attempts to identify youth development determinants and draws out key intervention points for youth development, taking into account the particular situation of the Caribbean . For an online version of this document please visit: For more information contact: World Bank, Tel: 001 202 477 1234, Fax: 001 202 477 63491 or visit:



Dachi H.; Garrett, R./ DFID (2003) Child Labour and its Impact on Children’s Access to and Participation in Primary Education: a case study from Tanzania . This study explores the relationship between child work and education, and how working really affects a child’s opportunities regarding schooling and education. For an online version of this document, please go to: Information and contact: Tel: 0845 300 4100 or +44 1355 84 3132 Fax: +44 (0) 1355 84 3632 Email: [email protected] 

DCI (2001) International Children’s Rights Monitor, Kluwer Law International. Several articles on sexual exploitation of children on discrimination of gypsies, child slaves from Mali in Côte d’Ivoire , street children Honduras , trafficking and child labour in China .

DCI- Bolivia (2001) Trafico de niños, niñas y adolescente con fines de explotación laboral en Bolivia. DCI- Cochabamba. For further information: e-mail: [email protected]

DCI- Costa Rica (2001) La Prevención y Eliminación de las Peores Formas de Trabajo Infantil y Adolescente: un Reto para la Democracia y el Desarrollo Humano (Prevention and Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child and Teenage Labour: a Challenge for Democracy and Human Development). San José, DCI- Costa Rica. The publication looks at child labour in terms of regulation and elimination through the human rights’ perspective. Summaries of contents of the ILO Conventions are also included. Publication in Spanish.

DCI- Costa Rica (2001) Metodología para Capacitar Organizaciones en la Ejecución de Proyectos de Desarrollo con Enfoque en Erradicación del Trabajo Infantil, San Jose, DCI - Costa Rica. Methodology for the Training of the Execution of Development Projects with a Focus on Child Labour Elimination. Publication in Spanish.

DCI- Costa Rica (2001) Una Guía Prática del Convenio 182 sobre las Peores Formas de Trabajo Infantil -A Practical Guide to Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour, San Jose , DCI-Costa Rica/Global March. The publication includes details on Convention 182 and on how can governments and civil society act starting from the Convention. Information on the Global March action is also included. Publication in Spanish. For further information on DCI-Costa Rica’s publications, please contact Virginia Murillo, DCI-Costa Rica: [email protected]

DCI- Costa Rica/Global March/IPEC (2002) El Trabajo Infantil y Adolescente Doméstico…Pesa Demasiado: Historias de vida de siete niñas y adolescentes mujeres trabajadoras domésticas en casas de terceros en Centroamérica, México y República Dominicana, DCI-Costa Rica, San José. A book on the lives of child domestic workers told in first person. Publication in Spanish.

DEI- Belgique et France, (2002) Droits de l’enfant international, 13 September. In French, the September issue includes one article on child labour in Guatemala . Information: [email protected], [email protected]

DCI – the Netherlands (2003) Kids Behind Bars. An international study on children in conflict with the law: towards investing in prevention, stopping incarceration and meeting international standards. This report produced by DCI-the Netherlands , was an endeavour to present an international analysis of children being held in detention in order to have a greater understanding of the difficulties faced by children in these situations and to work towards concrete solutions to the problems they face. Information and Contact: DCI-the Netherlands , Tel: +31 20 420 3771, Fax: +31 20 420 3832, Email: [email protected], Website:

DCI-Palestine (2003) Children of the Second Intifada: An Analysis of Human Rights Violations against Palestinian Children. This annual report compiled by DCI-Palestine is an attempt to present the real difficulties that Palestinian children face. For an online version of this report by chapter, please go to: For more information please contact DCI Palestine, DCI/PS, P.O. Box 55201, Jerusalem Tel: +972/+970 22 40 75 30 Fax: +972/+970 22 40 70 18 Email: [email protected] Website:

DEI-Suisse. Les droits de l’enfant? C’est quoi? 30 questions et réponses. An analysis of 30 questions to know more about the Convention on the Rights of the Child. French publication. For more information, please contact DEI-Suisse, Tel: 00 41 22 771 41 17, e-mail: [email protected]

DEI- Suisse, (2002) Bulletin, 8, 3, September. In French, it includes information on the Committee and several child rights-related issues. Information: [email protected]

De Benitez Sarah Thomas (2001) What works in Street Children Programming: The JUCONI Model. International Youth Foundation. The author examines her own organization’s work with street children over the past decade, and provides practical knowledge and insight on the most effective ways to improve the lives of this socially excluded segment of the population. For more information, contact International Youth Foundation, Tel: +1-410-951-1500, Website:

Deb, P, Rosati, F I (2001) Determinants of Child Labor and school attendance: The role of household unobservables. The Inter-Agency Research Cooperation Project, the Innocenti Research Centre, Florence . In this report the researchers have developed a random effects multinomial logit model to distinguish between unobserved and observed household characteristics as determinants of child labor and school attendance. For more information, please visit the website:

Department of Labour (US) (2002) The Department of Labor’s 2001 Findings on Child Labour. Report on the responses to the reporting under the Trade and Development Act of 2000. Available at:

Desai, N/CRG (2004) See the Evil. This book produced by the Child Rights in Goa programme of Vikas Adhyan Kendra (VAK), Mumbai ‘makes a powerful statement on Tourism-related paedophilia’ and has been used as a basis for advocacy efforts made by CRG. Information and contact: Children’s Rights in Goa , Tel: +91-832-2426518, Email: [email protected]

Devi, U. (2002) Actualising the Right to Education: Participatory Civil Society-led Approaches to Educational Interventions for Girl Child Labourers in India . This paper examines the effect of civil society interventions on compulsory education provision on girl child workers in India . For an online version of this document, please go to:

Dhakal, P., Southon, J./Save the Children Fund (2003) A Life Without Basic Service: street children say The perspectives of street children themselves are revealed in this study with regards to their situation in order to encourage the development of more effective and appropriate interventions. It is available online at: Website:

Dorman, P (2001) Child Labour in the Developed Economies, ILO/IPEC Working Papers, Geneva . The paper argues that child labour also exists in developed countries, especially in some of its worst forms, e.g. child prostitution. The need to understand the phenomenon in developed countries, where economic wealth has been achieved, lies on the importance that policies may have in the eradication of child labour. For the study, a survey was conducted in each of the following countries: USA , Canada , EU, Australia , New Zealand and Japan . The paper is available at, by accessing IPEC, Publications and Child Labour Policy.

Driskell D. (2002) Creating Better Cities with Children and Youth: A Manual for Participation. UNESCO Publishing/ EARTHSCAN Publications. This book is a practical manual on how to conceptualize, structure and facilitate the participation of young people in the community development process. Case studies from project sites help to demonstrate the methods in action and show how they can be customized to meet local needs. For more information, contact E arthcan, Email: [email protected], Tel: +44(0) 20 72 78 0433, or U NESCO Publishing, Email: [email protected], Tel: +33(0)1 45 68 49 30.



ECPAT (2003) The report on the Implementation of the Agenda for Action Against the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children 2001-2002. This report shifts attention from the country specific synthesis reports of previous years, to more a detailed exposition of regional manifestations of commercial sexual exploitation of children. For more information, please visit the website

Edmonds , E.; Pavcnik, N. (2002) Does globalization increase child labour?: evidence from Vietnam . National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) . This paper considers the impact of liberalized trade policy on child labor in Vietnam . The authors exploit regional and inter-temporal variation in the real price of rice to examine the relationship between price movements of a primary export and the economic activities of children. For more information, contact the National Bureau of Economic Research, Tel: 617-868-3900, Website:

Education International (2003) Education for All: Is Commitment Enough? Education International: Brussels . This report published by Education International takes a brief look at the history of Education for All initiatives and their inability to attain stated goals. It gives possible reasons for which Education for All has not been reached which include several inadequacies of the Fast Track Initiative and lack of ownership of projects by governments and other authorities. This report is available online (in French and Spanish also) at: For more information contact: EDUCATION INTERNATIONAL, Tel: + 32 (2) 224 0611 Fax: + 32 (2) 224 0606 E-mail:[email protected] Website:

Education Watch (2001) Renewed Hope Daunting Challenges: State of Primary Education in Bangladesh . Campaign for Popular Education (CAMPE), University Press Limited. This third report of Education Watch covers two areas critical to primary education: internal efficiency and finance for education. For more information, Email: [email protected].

European Network on Street Children Worldwide (2002) Green Light for Street Children’s Rights. The main purpose of this booklet is to highlight current priorities for action and show motivated people from different walks of life, with varying perspectives and skills, how to make a real difference to street children’s lives. Available in English, French and Spanish. For more information, contact European Network on Street Children Worldwide, Tel: +32 347 78 48, Email: [email protected].



Fitzsimons Emla (2002) The Effects of Risk on Education and Child Labour . Institute for Fiscal Studies. In this paper, the effects of uncertainty combined with inadequate insurance and credit markets on education and child labour have been specifically addressed, Parental income risk is shown to have an adverse effect on education, with children serving the possible role of an insurance mechanism for smoothing consumption. For more information, this paper can be ordered from the Institute for Fiscal Studies, Tel: +44 020 7991 4800, Email: [email protected], Website:

Forastieri, V (2002) Children at Work. Health and Safety Risks. (2 nd ed.), ILO, Geneva . The second edition of this book provides an approach on occupational health and safety for working children through a revised policy framework, which includes the ILO Convention No. 182.

Fozzard S. (2002) Surviving Violence, A Recovery Programme for Children and Families, BICE. This training manual consists of an intervention strategy in three parts: sensitization, Work in existing institutions, and work in the villages. For more information, contact BICE, Tel: +41-22-731-32-48, Email: [email protected], Website:

Francavilla, F and Lyon, S (2002) Child work in Côte d’Ivoire : An overview . The Inter-Agency Research Cooperation Project, The Innocenti Research Center , Florence . This paper looks at child work in Côte d’Ivoire and provides a brief overview of the different dimensions of child work in the country. For more information, please visit the website:

Frederick , J, Thomas, L.K, Fallen Angels: the Sex Workers of South Asia , Lustre Press/ Roli Books, New Delhi . A book trying to disclose hidden aspects of the sex industry in South Asia . The book is available through a Nepalese NGO, Ray of Hope Foundation at: [email protected]

Frederiksson, U. (2003) Education for All and Consultations with Teacher Unions: report on the questionnaire on participation of teacher unions on the EFA process. This report is a consolidation of the findings from the questionnaire presented to the teacher’s unions in order to determine whether national governments have been keeping to their promises made in the Dakar framework. Education International developed this questionnaire to find out if teacher’s unions have been involved in planning and national EFA (Education for All) forums. For an online version of the report please go to: For more information contact: Education International, Tel: + 32 (2) 224 0611, Fax: + 32 (2) 224 0606, E-mail:[email protected]



Gallina A., Masina P. (2002) Street children in Vietnam : An inquiry into the roots of poverty and survival livelihood strategies. Federico Caffè Centre, Dept of Social Sciences- Roskilde University . This study has been prepared with the aim to provide researchers and policy makers at the local and national levels committed to solve the problem of poverty (and in particular affecting children) with new insights, experiences and methodological tools. For more information, contact Andrea Gallina, Email: [email protected] or [email protected], Tel: +45-4674-2044.

Global Campaign for Education (2002) Education Now to Build a Better Future. Briefing paper on the need for and duty of governments to provide free education. Available at:

Global Campaign for Education (2002) A quality education for all: priority actions for governments, donors and civil society. Recent studies show that many children in developing countries are leaving school without learning to read, write or do basic sums. This paper argues that this is an injustice and a waste of human potential that must be challenged.

Global March against Child Labour (2002) Out of the Shadows. The report documents the existence of different worst forms of child labour in 199 countries. To obtain copies of the report, please write to Upasana Choudhry, Research Director, Global March Against Child Labour. For further information: [email protected]or [email protected].

Global Movement for Children and NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child (2004) Who’s Looking After the Children? A report on the 2nd year of follow-up to the UN General Assembly Special Session on Children ; This report takes stock of the progress made by governments who made commitments to make a world fit for children. This document is available online at:
For more information, please visit:

Gordon,D.; Pantazis,C.; Townsend,P./ London School of Economics, Centre of International Poverty Research (2003) Child Poverty in the Developing World. Commissioned by UNICEF, this report produced the first scientific measurements of child poverty in the developing world. The report found that over one billion children suffer from sever deprivation and over 674 million children are living in conditions of absolute poverty, with Sub-Saharan Africa being the worst region. The report concluded that blanket remedies would be ineffective, as each region needs to respond to local issues. For a copy of this report, please contact: The Policy Press: Helen Bolton, Tel: 0117 331 4097, Email: [email protected], Website:

Gosling, L. (2003) (forthcoming) Toolkits: A Practical Guide to Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation and Impact Assessment. Save the Children UK : London . This new edition of Save the Children’s practical guide includes chapters on monitoring and evaluation of advocacy and emergency responses amongst other new insights on developing skills in evaluation and impact assessment. For more information please visit: or to purchase the document contact: Plymbridge Distributors Ltd. Tel: 0044 1752 202 301, Email: [email protected]

Gradstein, M./World Bank (2003) The Political Economy of Public Spending on Education, Inequality and Growth This paper argues that whilst education is usually perceived as egalitarian and universal, in reality it tends to favour the rich as a result of political pressure. This bias will then encourage income inequality and social exclusion. This paper is available online at: Website:

Grimsrud, B (2001) A comparison survey instruments for collecting data on child labour. The Inter-Agency Research Cooperation Project, the Innocenti Research Center , Florence . This report contains a comparative analysis of the survey instruments developed or used by the three agencies ILO, UNICEF and the World Bank for the purposes of collecting information on child labour. For more information, please visit the website:

Grimsrud, B (ed.) (2002) The Next Steps - Experiences and Analysis of how to eradicate child labour . This book released on the eve of the start of the UNGASS, gathers research finding and field experiences in order to draw lessons and move forward comprehensive solutions. It provides an analysis of the relationship between poverty, education, HIV/AIDS pandemic and child labour. The full text will soon be available on the ICFTU web site

Groupe Développement (2001) Child Sex Tourism, Action Survey . This report presents examples of action programs conducted worldwide to fight child sex tourism. It is an inventory of the information collected during the survey through questionnaires, and completed with additional documentation. Available in English and French. For more information, contact Groupe Développement, Email: [email protected].

Gustafsson-Wright, E.; Hnin Pyne, H. (2002) Gender and street children intervention strategies in Brazil . World Bank . This paper examines various dimensions of child labour and the situation of street children in Brazil , including participation, intensity, and type of activities; the relationship between child labour, education and future earnings; and the risks of child labour to health and well being. For more information, please visit the website:



HAQ, Centre for Child Rights (2002) Children in globalising India : Challenging Our Conscience. This is a status report on the situation of children in India, This issues covered in this volume are the legal regime, health, elementary education, early childhood education and child care, juvenile justice, the girl child, child labour, children in conflict, child trafficking, adoption and child participation. For more information, contact HAQ: [email protected], Tel: +91-11-264-901-36.

Halpin E., Khan A., Real D.(2002) The Information Needs of the Global Child Rights Community, a role for the Child Rights Information Network . CRIN, Leeds Metropolitan University . This working paper is a final draft of research into the needs of the child rights community. The research aims to inform on practical decisions relating to all aspects of CRIN’s work and to provide examples of best practice for the larger human rights community. For more information or to submit comments, contact: Child Rights Information Network (CRIN), Tel: +44 207 716 2240; Fax: +44 0207 793 76 28; Email: [email protected], Website:    

Halson, A (2001) Underage and under fire: an enquiry into the use of child soldiers 1994-1998, in Childhood. The article considers the circumstances under which children are recruited by armed forces. The analysis of two sets of countries (respectively 162 and 165 countries) shows that child labour may actually reduce recruitment, which may be seen as alternative to work.

Heidel, K./Kindernothilfe and Werkstatt Ökonomie (2004) Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers – blind to the rights of the (working) child? This report examines the role that children and young people play in the formulation of PRSPs (poverty reduction strategy papers). Children and young people are the most adversly affected by poverty. The study shows that very few PRSPs have included child participation or mentioned the issue of exploitative child labour. This report is available online at: Website: (mostly in German)

Henschel B (2002) Child work related programmes: A review of impact evaluations. The Inter-Agency Research Cooperation Project, the Innocenti Research Centre, Florence . This aim of this report is to highlight the evaluation of the effectiveness of the education programmes. The report deals with programme impact evaluations undertaken in the areas of child labour and education and investigates the effects of promoted interventions on individuals, household and institutions exploring intended and unintended consequences, whether positive or negative. For more information, please visit the website:

Heppner K. (2002) “My gun was as tall as me”: child soldiers in Burma . Human Rights Watch. This report is based on research conducted in Thailand and boarder areas of Burma between February and July 2002. During the course of the investigation, Human Rights Watch researchers conducted interviews with current and former soldiers, including twenty former Burma army soldiers and more than twenty-five current or former soldiers and officers with armed opposition groups. For more information, contact Human Rights Watch, Website:, Tel: 212-290-4700.

Herczog, M.; May-Chahal, C (2003) Child Sexual Abuse in Europe . Published by the Council of Europe, this book takes an in-depth look at sexual abuse including, how best to intervene, which responses work and what to do with the perpetrators. The book contends that sexual abuse is a problem on the rise, citing that 10%-20% of children in Europe will be sexually assaulted during their childhood. For more information, please contact Council of Europe Publishing Fax: 00 33 (0)3 88 41 27 80, Email: [email protected], Website:

Human Rights Watch (2002) Suffering in Silence: the links between Human Rights Abuses and HIV Transmission to Girls in Zambia . This report underlines the urgent need for protection of girls from human rights abuses as a central part of the fight against HIV/AIDS in Africa . The report is available at For more information, contact Human Rights Watch, Tel: +1 212 736 1300, Email: [email protected].

Human Rights Watch (2001) Democratic Republic of the Congo : Reluctant Recruit, New York . The focus of the report is the recruitment of children by Congolese Rally for Democracy-Goma (RCD-Goma) and the Rwandan army troops since 2000. It documents the failed promises to proceed with demobilisation of child soldiers.

Human Rights Watch (2002) Tainted Harvest, New York . A report on the working conditions bared by children in Ecuador ’s banana plantations. Information and contact: web site:, e-mail: [email protected]

Human Rights Watch (2001) Underage and unprotected: child labour in Egypt ’s cotton fields. This publication underscores how the Egyptian government has undermines its commitment to the Child Law of 1996 by permitting cooperatives to employ children well below the minimum age.

Human Rights Watch (2002) World Report 2002. The report denouncing human rights conditions worldwide has a section on Children’s Rights, which is available at:

Human Rights Watch (2002) Hopes Betrayed: Trafficking of Women and Girls to Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina for Forced Prostitution . Human Rights Watch, United States . The report documents how local Bosnian police officers facilitate the trafficking by creating false documents; visiting brothels to partake of free sexual services and sometimes engaging in trafficking directly. For more information, contact Human Rights Watch, Website:, Tel: 212-290-4700.

Human Rights Watch (2003) Small Change: Bonded Child Labor in India ’s Silk Industry. This report calls on the Indian government to implement its national laws to free and rehabilitate bonded children. For more information, contact Dana Sommers, children’s rights division, Email: [email protected], Tel: +1-212-216-736-1300.

Human Rights Watch (2003) Abducted and Abused: Renewed War in Northern Uganda . This is a follow-up report to a study that was done by Human Rights Watch in 1997. This report examines the deteriorating political situation in Northern Uganda and the effects that it is having on children in particular. For an online version of this document go to: For more information contact: HRW New York Tel: 001 212 290 4700 Fax: 001 212 736 1300 Email: [email protected]

Human Rights Watch (2003) You’ll Learn Not To Cry: Child Combatants in Colombia, Human Rights Watch: New York . This book is based on the testimonials from 112 former child combatants and shows how guerilla and paramilitary groups exploit poor children in rural combat territories. For an online version, please go to: or visit:

Human Rights Watch (2004) No Rest: abuses against child domestic workers in El Salvador . This paper documents the situation of many girl child domestic workers in El Salvador . For an online version of this document, please go to: Information and contact: Human Rights Watch, Tel: 001 212 216 1837, Fax: 001 212 736 1300, Email: [email protected], Website:

Human Rights Watch (2004) How to Fight, How to Kill: child soldiers in Liberia . This report consolidates information on children who fought in the civil war in Liberia . It argues that peace in West African countries can only be secured once child soldiers have successfully reintegrated into civil society. This report can be downloaded from: Website:



IASC Reference Group on Humanitarian Action and Human Rights (2002) Growing the sheltering tree- Protecting rights through humanitarian action. UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva , Switzerland . This publication has collected the best practices from the field and aims at protecting and promoting rights. It is intended to serve as a practical tool for human rights and for emergencies in the field. Chapter five addresses the protection of children’s rights. This publication is also available on CD Rom.
For more information, please contact Valerie Jeantet, OHCHR publication desk,
Tel: 00 41 22 917 9000, fax: 00 41 22 917 9016, e-mail: [email protected].

ICFTU (2002) Combating the Unacceptable. A 30-minute documentary, which demonstrates the reality of working children and focuses on the joint efforts of the trade unions and other NGOs to end child labour. Information:

ILO (2002) A Future without Child Labour, Global Report under the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work 2002, International Labour Conference 90 th Session 2002 Report I (B), ILO, Geneva. This year, the ILO Global Report focuses on child labour and on the urge of relevant actions to end it.

ILO (2001) Combating child labour, the global cause, ILO, Geneva

ILO (2002) Decent Work and the Informal Economy, ILO, Geneva . A study on the informal sector in which a lot of children are involved. Information,

ILO (2002) Eliminating the worst forms of child labour: a practical guide to ILO Convention No. 182. The handbook, intended as a practical understanding of the child labour issue, provides a general overview of what parliamentarians should do to contribute to the elimination of the worst forms of child labour. For online version of this book, please go to: Website:

ILO (2002) Lists of the Ratifications by Convention and Country, ILO, Geneva . A book which gathers information concerning the different ILO Conventions, including Convention 138 on the Minimum Age and 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour.

ILO (2002) Review of Annual Reports under the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work; Introduction by the ILO Declaration Expert-Advisers to the compilation of annual reports, Geneva, March 2002, Part I. It includes a chapter on the effective abolition of child labour, as it is one of the principles of the Declaration.

ILO (2002), Revue International du Travail, 141, 1-2. The volume of the journal contains several articles, which look at different aspects of labour, including child labour.

ILO (2001) Stopping forced labour, ILO, Geneva . These publications aim at finding solutions to the youth employment challenge Worldwide.

ILO (2001) Hope for a Better Life: The world unites against the worst forms of child labour in The World of Work; the Magazine of the ILO, No. 41, December. The December edition includes a few articles on trafficking as one of the worst forms of child labour, trafficking in the different continents and the Yokohama Congress.

ILO (2001) Trafficking of Children: the Problem and Responses Worldwide, preliminary report. The paper is available in pdf format at the following address:

ILO (2002) Turning Indignation Into Action: Can Child Labour Be Wiped Out? This book traces the ILO’s historical concern with the abolition of child labour and assesses the prospects for its fulfillment. This first Global Report on the abolition of child labour charts the significant progress in recent years but warns that child labour remains a stubborn problem that affects all countries. For more information, contact: ILO Publications, International Labour Organisation, CH-1211, Geneva 22, Switzerland , Tel: +41 22 799 6329; Fax: +44 22 799 6561; Email: [email protected]

ILO (2002) Fourth Synthesis Report on the working conditions situation in Cambodia ’s garment sector How is Cambodia measuring up to international labour standards in garment factories? ILO, Geneva . Under an agreement between the governments of Cambodia and the United States of America , which increases Cambodia ’s export entitlements to the US if labour standards improve, the ILO produces an annual report on standards in Cambodian garment factories. For more information, contact ILO, Tel: +41-22-799-8675, Website:

ILO (2003) World of Work, No. 47 June 2023 “World Day Against Child Labour 2003: Stop Child Trafficking!” This issue of the ILO magazine takes a special look at the issue of child trafficking. An article on child soldiers is also included in this issue of the magazine. For more information contact: ILO Publications Email: [email protected], website:

ILO (2003) Investing in Every Child: an economic study of the costs and benefits of eliminating child labour. This new economic study of child labour conducted by the ILO reveals that child labour can be eliminated and replaced with universal education by the year 2020 at an estimated cost of US$ 760 billion. It claims that ‘eliminating child labour will yield an enormous return on investment…’ For an online version of this report, please go to: Information and contact: Tel: +41 22 7997912; Fax: +41 22 7998577, Email: [email protected], Website:

IPEC (2002) HIV and Child Labour in Zambia : a rapid assessment on the case of the Lusaka , Copperbelt and Eastern Provinces . This is a rapid assessment report on the direct and indirect impact of HIV/AIDS on child labour and examines the possibilities of generating data regarding enhance policy and intervention strategies for child labour reduction. For an online version of this document, please go to: Website:

ILO/IPEC (2002) Hazardous Work-Combating Child Labour: A handbook for Labour Inspectors, No. 1, ILO/IPEC, Geneva . Provides an overview of the potential role of labour inspectors with respect to child labour and shows how to focus on the problem in both urban factory and more informal, rural settings. Available soon at\childlabour

ILO/IPEC (2002) IPEC Action Against Child Labour 2001: Progress and Future Priorities, Geneva . The report looks at progresses and challenges in the implementation process of Convention 182 faced by IPEC in 2000-01 and addresses priorities for the coming year. The report is available in pdf format at:

ILO/IPEC (2001) In-dept analysis of the situation of working children in the Leningrad Region. ILO/IPEC working paper. For more information, please contact the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, IPEC, Tel: 00-41-22 799 8181, fax: 00 41 22 799 8771, e-mail: [email protected]

ILO/IPEC (2001) In-dept analysis of the situation of working children in Moscow , ILO/IPEC working paper . For more information, please contact the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, IPEC, Tel: 00 41 22 799 8181, fax: 00 41 22 799 8771,e-mail: [email protected]

ILO/IPEC(2002) South Africa . Child Domestic Workers: A National Report . ILO, Geneva . The current report forms part of IPEC’s attempt to obtain more information regarding the practice of domestic child labour in the world, through IPEC’s Statistical Information and Monitoring Programme on Child Labour (SIMPOC). This research is considered an essential part of the programme aimed at investigating the worst forms of child labour, and will serve to provide further information to assist in the formulation of policies and action plans towards its elimination. Available in English in pdf format:

ILO-IPEC (2002) Unbearable to the Human Heart: Child Trafficking and Action to Eliminate it. Child Trafficking is a highly complex phenomenon with no simple answers. But, as demonstrated in this report, tackling this problem is possible. Available in French, English, and Spanish. For more information, contact ILO, Nepal , Tel: +977 1 550 691, Email: [email protected], Website:

IPEC (2001) Combating trafficking in children for labour exploitation in West and Central Africa , synthesis report . For more information, please contact the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, IPEC, Tel: 00 41 22 799 8181, fax: 00 41 22 799 8771, e-mail: [email protected]

Independent researchers, (2001) Good Practices in Action against Child Labour: a Synthesis report of Seven Country Studies ( Brazil , Indonesia , Kenya , Philippines , Tanzania , Thailand , and Turkey ), 1997-98, ILO/IPEC, Geneva . This is a synthesis report of the extensive research conducted in seven countries in relation to the fight against child labour. While the country studies have contributed to the development of child labour programmes at the national level, the synthesis aims at having a wider impact at the policy and programme level worldwide. The paper is available at, by accessing IPEC, Publications and Monitoring and Evaluation.

International Federation of Journalists (2003) Putting Children in the Right Guideline for Journalists and Media Professionals. This book explores the need for journalistic training at all levels of reporting regarding the importance of child rights. For more information, contact: International Federation of Journalists, Tel: +32-2-223-22-65, Fax: +32-2-219-29-76, Email: [email protected] , Website: .

International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2003) World Disasters Report 2003. This annual report published by the International Federation of the Red Cross criticised Western governments for providing aid assistance with political motives rather than humanitarian ones. The report takes a look at the ethics of providing humanitarian aid. Summaries of each chapter of this report are available online at: For more information contact: IFRC Tel: 0041 22 730 4222 Fax: 0041 22 733 0395 Email: [email protected]

International Federation of Social Workers (2002) Social work and the rights of the child- A professional training manual on the UN Convention. Switzerland . The aim of this manual is to provide guidance to the people interested and/or involved in social work in relation to the rights of the child. For more information, please contact the International Federation of Social Workers, Tel: 00 41 31 382 6015, fax: 00 41 31 381 1222, e-mail: [email protected].

International HIV/AIDS Alliance (2003) Building Blocks: Africa-Wide briefing notes. These briefing notes for working with children are organized into an overview and five sections: education, health and nutrition, psychosocial support, social inclusion, and economic strengthening. Each briefing note provides issues and principles for guiding strategy, while drawing on best practice from program experience. For more information, contact International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Tel: +44-1273-718-901, Email: [email protected]

International Organization for Migration (2003) Trafficking of Women and Children in Southern Africa , IOM. The report’s findings are compiled from research and interviews carried out between August 2002 and February 2003. The authors assembled interviews and statements from victims, sex workers, traffickers, police and government officials, NGOs, and media. For more information, contact IOM, Tel: +27-12-342-27-89, E-mail: [email protected] , Website:

International Study Team (2003) Our Common Responsibility: The Impact of a New War on Iraqi Children. The report describes the status and vulnerabilities of children in Iraq , examining the likely humanitarian impact of a military conflict on the civilian population, particularly children. For more information, contact War Child Canada , Tel: +416-971-7474, Email: [email protected]. An electronic version of this report can be accessed at

Institute of Development Studies (2002) Policy or poverty? Links between child labour and educational failure. This publication aims at finding means to eliminate child labour and to universalise education. For further information: Naila Kabeer, Institute of Development Studies , University of Sussex , Brighton BNI 9RE, UK / Tel: 00 44 1273 606261 / Fax: 00 44 1273 621202. E-mail: [email protected]or website: / society / s6bnk1g1.html



Kabeer, N.; Nambissan, G.B.; Subrahmanian, R. (eds.) (2003) Child Labour and the Right to Education in South Asia: needs versus rights? This publication discusses the right to education and child labour within the South Asian context. It explores the right to education from the policy perspective as well as from direct state and NGO interventions. For more information on how to purchase this book, please visit:

Kadonya, C, Madihi, M, Mtwana, S (2002) Tanzania , Child Labour in the Informal Sector: A Rapid Assessment , No. 14, ILO, Geneva . An investigation of the work of children in the areas of scavenging, quarrying, garage work, and fishing to discover what drives children to such work, assess their working conditions, examine demographic characteristics, propose measures to eliminate child labour where it is urgent, and test ILO/UNICEF methodology. Available soon at\childlabour

Kalis, M.A., African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes (2002) Child Soldiers in Africa : Solutions to a complex dilemma. This article focuses on the dilemma of using child soldiers in violent conflicts throughout Africa and on ways of resolving in the future. For more information, contact the African Centre for Constructive Resolution of Disputes, Tel: +27 31 502 3908, Email: [email protected].

Kaur I (2002) A review of World Bank lending for children and its bearing on child labour, the Inter-Agency Research Cooperation Project. The Innocenti Research Centre, Florence . The aim of this paper is to review World Bank interventions that have some bearing on child labour. The paper suggests linkages between human development intervention and child labour to justify the criteria for choosing only Human Development Projects. For more information, please visit the website:

KC, Bal, K, Gurung, Yogendra, B, Adhikari, Keshab, P, Subedi, G (2001) Nepal , Situation of Child Ragpickers: A Rapid Assessment , No. 4, ILO, Geneva . A study to determine what is ragpicking, the characteristics of ragpickers, their labour conditions, and examine the consequences of this problem and offer recommendations and preventive/ protective approaches to alleviate the situation. Available soon at\childlabour

Kelly L. (2002) Journey of jeopardy: a commentary on current research on trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation within Europe . International Organisation for Migration. The aim of this review is to summarize the situation about child trafficking in Europe , to organize the material into key themes, to critically assess the knowledge base and to identify gaps and future challenge. Available online at:

Klug, B, Alaimo, K (eds.) (2002) Children as equals: Exploring the rights of the child. Saint Xavier University . A collection of essays on children’s rights written by different authors from various backgrounds. For more information, please call 001 773 298 3458/3285 or e-mail: [email protected] or [email protected].

Kielland A.; Sanogo, I. (2002) Burkina Faso : child labour migration from rural areas School attendance reduces likelihood of child migration. World Bank. The main objectives of this study were to identify how many children are involved in child migration from rural areas in Burkina Faso , to establish why the children migrate and also where the high risk areas are for child migration. Further information will be found on the Website:

Kimalu, P.K. (2004) The Decline in School Enrolment in Kenya . This paper documents the significant improvements in education that Kenya made since independence in 1963 and the decline in school enrolment from the mid-late ‘80s. The paper argues that this was largely due to reforms in school curriculum and the introduction of a cost-sharing policy. This document is available online at: Website:

Kopoka, P. (2000) The problem of street children in Africa : an ignored tragedy . Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Dar es Salaam , Tanzania . This paper examines Africa ’s response to the growing problem of street children. Taking Tanzania as a case study the paper examines initiatives that have been and are being taken by various segments of the community to address the problem. For more information, contact the Institute of Development Studies , Email: [email protected]

Kourouma, A (2001) Allah n’est pas obligé, Paris. The narrator is a 13-year-old teenager becoming a child soldier in Liberia and Sierra Leone . The novel deals with the ethnical conflict in Liberia and Sierra Leone and its physical and psychological impact on children. Publication in French.



Larsen, P. (2003) Indigenous and Tribal Children: Assessing child labour and education challenges. ILO/IPEC: Geneva This document attempts to address the challenges that indigenous and tribal children encounter when trying to access a good education and becoming involved forms of child labour. Available online at: Website:

Le Courrier de l’UNESCO (2001) Esclaves a 12 ans, UNESCO, Paris. Review of the various kinds of child slavery in the world, also in Western world with statistics. Publication in French.

Leal, G (ed.) (2002) Investigation on the Trafficking, Sex tourism, Pornography and Prostitution of Children in Central America and Mexico: Regional Synthesis, Casa Alianza Internacional/ECPAT/Audrey Hepburn Children’s Fund, San Jose. The investigation looks at different aspects, actors and interactions related to trafficking, sex tourism, pornography and prostitution in six countries in Central America and Mexico .

Liebel M, Overwien B, Recknagel A, (eds.) (2001) Working Children’s Protagonism. Social Movements and Empowerment in Latin America , Africa and India , Frankfurt/Main, London . The book gives an alternative view on child work based on articles by several authors from different regions. The focus is on child’s participation and children’s protagonism in the fight for the recognition of children’s rights through the experience of the International Movement of Working Children. To order a copy of the book, please contact: [email protected]. Price: 25 Euro

Lieten, K, White, B (eds.) (2001) Child Labour- Policy Perspectives, 159 p, Aksant, Amsterdam . The book provides seven articles written by key participants in the child labour debate as well as a very extensive bibliography. The contributions introduce and critically reflect on the new approaches and new perceptions that have entered the child labour debate over the last decade. Available (at 27 Euro) through [email protected] or through the publisher (ISBN 90.5260.008.2).



Machel, G (2001) UNICEF. The impact of War on Children , New York . A reedited version of a report, which is now used as a reference point for action, not only by NGOs but also by States or UN Agencies in the field of children in armed conflict. This book shows the devastating consequences of armed conflict on children.

Makame, V, Mariki, G, Mwinulla, J (2002) Tanzania , Child Labour in the Horticulture Sector in Arumeru District: A Rapid Assessment , No. 10, ILO, Geneva . An examination of the absence of child labour in the cut flower farms in the Arumeru district, and the reasons behind it is juxtaposed with the existence of child labour in other sectors such as the informal, mining and commercial agricultural sector in the same region. Available soon at\childlabour

Matz, P (2003) The Costs and Benefits of Education to Replace Child Labour. This report examines the economic impact of eliminating child labour. The paper examines the ‘school versus work’ decision that families have to make i.e. if the returns from going to school will ultimately be more than those that the child will make if he/she works instead. For an online version of this report, please go to: Website:

McConnan, I, Uppard, S (2001) Children- Not Soldiers, Save the Children-UK, London . A book offering guidelines to persons working with children involved in armed conflict, drawing on practical experiences and raising issues of special concern.

McMenamin B, Martyn, E (2001) The Child Sex Trade – Exposed, Child Wise, ECPAT – Australia

Melchiorre, A. (2002) At What Age are School-Children Employed, Married and Taken to Court ? This publication/database compiles the minimum ages for completion of compulsory education, marriage, employment and criminal responsibility for 125 countries. It is an endeavour of the Right to Education Project. For an online version of this report in database form go to: For a pdf version, go to: For more information, contact: Duncan Wilson Research Coordinator – Right to Education, Project for UN Special Rapporteur, Tel: +41 22 917 7854, Fax: +41 22 917 7801 or visit:

Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, (2002) Combating Child Labour: Building Alliances against Hazardous Work, the Hague , the Netherlands . The report of the international conference held on 25-27 February 2002 presents a summary of the outcome of the panels and workshops.

Mirsky J. (2003) Beyond Victims and Villains, Addressing sexual violence in the educator sector. PANOS. This report focuses on the problem of sexual violence in the educational institutions all over the world. It examines some of the solutions, from international and international legislation, to dealing with this issue within institutions. For more information, visit the PANOS ’website at

Murshed, M (2001) Unraveling Child Labor and Labor Legislation in Journal of International Affairs, 55, 1, 169-192.

Myers, W.E (2001) The Right Rights? Child Labour in a Globalizing World in American Academy of Political and Social Science, 575, 38-55.



National Coalition for Haitian Rights (2002) Restavèk No More: Eliminating Child Slavery in Haiti . This report aims at providing an accurate assessment of the Restavèk system and to reveal that system as a serious breach of Human Rights. For more information, contact, the National Coalition for Haitian Rights, Tel: +212.337.0005, Fax: +212-741-8745, Website:

NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child (2002) The impact of discrimination on working children and on the phenomenon of child labour. Document on discrimination and child labour developed by the Subgroup on Child Labour of the NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Now available in pdf format in the Antislavery Int, website:

NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child/the Sub-Group on the Child Labour (2001) Do You Know About the ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention? A brochure is available on Anti-Slavery web site ( explaining the new opportunities that the Convention 182 brings to civil society.

NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child (2004) Networking for Children’s Rights: a guide for NGOs This document serves as a guide for national coalitions and NGOs working in the field of child rights in order to strengthen their efforts and to make them more efficient in advocating for children’s rights. The document may be downloaded from: For more information, please contact: NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1 Rue de Varembé, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland. Tel: 0041 22 740 47 30 Fax: 0041 22 740 11 45 Email: [email protected] or visit:

NGO Steering Group of the NGO Committee on UNICEF (2002) NGO Report on the Special Session entitled NGOs Helping to Make a World fit for children. This report summarises the important contributions made by the civil society and NGOs during the session. Contact:

Nilsson, P. (2003) Development Co-operation Allocated to Education: do the European donor countries live up to their promises made in Dakar ? This paper was produced by Education International as a follow-up to the commitments made at the World Education Forum – that in 2005, the gender gap should be eliminated in both primary and secondary education and that in 2015, all children will have access to quality, free primary education, as laid out in the Dakar Framework for Action 2000. For more information, please go to: For more information, contact: Education International, Tel: + 32 (2) 224 0611, Fax: + 32 (2) 224 0606, E-mail:[email protected]



O’Donnell, O, Rosati, F.C, Doorslaer, E (2002) Child labour and health: Evidence and research issues. The Inter-Agency Research Cooperation Project, the Innocenti Research Center , Florence . A report on concepts and empirical evidence of the interactions between child labour and health. For more information, please visit the website:

OHCHR (2004) Human Rights Standards and Practice for the Police: expanded pocket book on human rights for the police This document is a readily accessible and portable reference for police officers and includes major human rights topics of concern to the police such as investigations, arrest, detention and the use of force. It also includes a chapter on the protection of juveniles. This document can be downloaded from Information and Contact: OHCHR, 8-14 Ave. de la Paix, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland , Tel: +41 22 917 9000

O’Malley, K./Save the Children (2004) Children and Young People Participating in PRSP Processes: lessons from Save the Children’s experiences This document is a compilation of the lessons learned from Save the Children’s experiences in trying to involve children in the PRSP process. It is available online at: Website:

OMCT (2004) Children’s Rights at the 2004 Commission on Human Rights This report was produced by the NGO Group for the CRC Sub Group on the Commission for Human Rights and documents the developments that were made during the 60 th Session of the Commission pertaining to children. This report is available online at: or visit:



Pearson, L.H (2002) Summary and Analysis of the Country Statements Presented at the Special Session. Report prepared by a Canadian Senator providing summaries of the country statements presented at the Session. Available at:

Pflug, B. (2002) An overview on child domestic workers in Asia . This book examines the child domestic labour issue in Asia (e.g. working conditions, risks, consequences), the causes of the problems, possible policy responses and programme intervention. For online version of this book, please go to: Website:

Pritchett, L. (2004) Towards a New Consensus for Addressing the Global Challenge of the Lack of Education; This document takes a look at the costs and benefits of meeting the goals set with regards to education by the Millennium Development Goals and the Education For All initiative. This document is available online at: For more information, please visit:



Quayle, E., Taylor , M (2003) Child Pornography: An Internet Crime. This publication examines: the use of child pornography on the internet; the social context in which it is used; and draws on extensive research in order to develop strategies to deal with offences. Information and Contact: COPINE Project, Tel: +353 21 4904519, Fax: +353 21 4270439, Email: [email protected], Website:



Raghavendra (2001) Bidugadeya Kanasinalli’, CACL – CS (Campaign Against Child Labour, Central Secretariat). The book deals with children rights and child labour in Kannada , India . For further information, please contact the Central Secretariat at: [email protected]

Rajkumar, A.S.; Swaroopa, V. (2002) Public Spending and Outcomes: does governance matter? This paper produced by the World Bank, looks at the role of governance and how it affects public spending and outcomes. One argument that this paper deals with is that as countries improve their governance strategies, public spending on primary education becomes effective in increasing primary education attainment. For an online version, go to: To order publications: Tel: 1-800-645-7247 or (703) 661-1580, Fax: (703) 661-1501, Email: [email protected]

Rampal, A. (2004) Unpacking the ‘Quality’ of Schools; This article criticises the way in which discussions on education tend to separate the issues of ‘access’ and ‘quality’ and the dangers that this can pose. This article can be found online at:

Raoult, V (2001) Trafiquants d’enfants, Agir ensemble pour les droits de l’homme. This book gathers information about trafficking and sale, child labour and sexual exploitation in Gabon , Cameroon , Togo , and Benin . Publication in French.

Rau, B (2002) Intersecting Risks: HIV/AIDS and Child Labour, ILO, Geneva . Most of the child workers are exposed to the risk of being infected by the HIV/AIDS. A study that focuses on how the two factors interact.

Reebok Human Rights Award Program (2001) 1) Victims of TRAKOSI 2) Honour killings in Jordan . Reebok Human Rights Award. This book gives information on the Ghanaian practice forcing young girls to become sex and labour slaves, as well as honour crimes.

Refugees International (2003) No Safe Place. Burma’s Army and the Rape of Ethnic Women.

Refugees International seeks to examine the experiences of womenand their children born out of wedlock in Thailand whilst fleeing political instability in Burma . The vulnerability of these children to child labour and sexual exploitation is highlighted. This report is available online at: Website:

RWG-CL (2003) Learning to Work Together: a handbook for managers on facilitating children’s participation in actions to address child labour. This handbook published by the

Regional Working Group on Child Labour (RWG-CL) describes the methods that can be developed for children’s participation in child labour projects. Information and Contact: RWG-CL, Tel: +66 2 243 2266, Fax: +66 2 669 3073 Email: [email protected]

Regional Working Group on Child Labour (2001) Child Labour, Getting the Message Across. This manual responds to the expressed regional need for more efficient child labour information networking among practitioners as well as for capacity building in the production and use of information about child labour. For more information, contact the Regional Working Group on Child Labour, Tel: +66 2 243 2266, Email: [email protected]

Regional Working Group on Child Labour (2002) Handbook for Action-oriented Research on Child Labour and Trafficking. This document, primarily designed for field researchers, follows a child-centred approach, stressing the importance of children’s views. For more information, contact Regional Working Group on Child Labour, Dominique P. Plateau, Tel: +66 2 243 22 66, Email: [email protected].

Right to Education (2002) At what age?... Are school-children employed, married and taken to court. This document collates information taken from the States Parties’ Report under the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This document provides details on: school leaving age, minimum age of employment, minimum age of marriage and minimum age for criminal responsibility. For more information, contact Right to Education, Website:

Robinson S./ Southern African Regional poverty Network (2003) Children first in the poverty battle!. The review points to a significant role for child poverty research and advocacy in the implementation, monitoring and review of the Southern African Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) processes. For more information, contact Southern African Regional poverty Network, Tel: +27 12 302 28 73, Email: [email protected].

Rodriguez C.I, Zamora U. J.C (2001) Un estudio de caso: 50 niñas y mujeres adolescentes trabajadoras domesticas en Costa Rica, DNI- Costa Rica. This book presents cases of child migrants and child domestic work. There are only 250 copies available but it will be hopefully on line. For further information: e-mail: [email protected]

Rosati, F.C, Rossi, M (2001) Children’s working hours, school enrolment and human capital accumulation: Evidence from Pakistan and Nicaragua . The Inter-Agency Research Cooperation Project, the Innocenti Research Center , Florence . The report includes an analysis on the factors determining school attendance and the numbers of hours worked by children in Pakistan and Nicaragua. For more information, please visit the website:



Save the Children (2003) Research for Development, A practical guide. This book, based on Save the Children’s expertise, is both a quick reference manual and an indispensable learning tool for all practitioners, researchers and students engaged in development. It provides a comprehensive introduction and handbook for undertaking and managing research. For more information, contact Rob Gayton or Karen Wyatt, Tel: +44 (0) 20 7716 2138, Email: [email protected].

Save the Children Alliance (2003) Save the Children’s Position on Children and Work. The document presents Save the Children¹s position on children¹s work as a result of a year-long consultation with staff and working children worldwide. The document is already available in pdf format in English, French and Spanish at and It will soon be available at

Save the Children (2002) Children’s Rights: Reality or Rhetoric? The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child: The first ten years. It provides an overview of the Convention exploring both the achievement and the failing of the last ten years. Against this background the key issues of child labour and child soldiers are examined highlighting some of the principal difficulties in implementing the Convention. For more information, contact the International Save The Children Alliance, Tel: +44 20 8748 2554.

Save the Children/ Save the Children Fund, Canada (2002) National plans of action for children: involving children and young people in their development. This paper provides guidance on how to involve children and young people in the development of National plans of Action for children. The guidance is provided by children and young people themselves interviewed by Save the Children, Canada in 14 countries around the world. For more information, contact Save the Children Canada National Office, Tel: (416) 221-5501, Email: [email protected].

Save the Children - Albania (2002) CRC For and By Children. A free version of the CRC accessible for children, which will be distributed in every primary schools in Albania . Information: e-mail: [email protected] , website:

Save the Children Fund (2002) Globalisation and children’s rights: what role for the private sector. This report looks at two aspects of economic globalization and how they impact on children’s rights: foreign private sector investment and the privatization of the basic services. For more information, contact Save the Children Fund, Tel: +44-20-7703-5400, Email: [email protected]

Save the Children Fund (2003) State of the World’s Mothers 2003: Protecting Women and Children in War and Conflict. Save the Children: U.S.A. This edition of Save the Children Fund’s report ‘State of the World’s Mothers’ takes a specific look at the lives of mothers and their children who have been affected by armed conflict. It is an attempt to focus attention on war-torn areas around the world. A summary of this report is available at: For more information contact: Save the Children Fund, Tel: 0044 207 703 5400, Fax: 0044 207 793 7614, Email: [email protected], Website:

Save the Children – Sweden (2002) Child Rights Programming- What, why & how?. Coordinating group on Child Rights Programming, Sweden . The publication includes action to directly address violations of the rights of the child, to promote child rights-focused decisions of legislative, political and administrative structures and to reinforce collaboration among different social actors in the area of children’s fights. For more information, please contact Save the Children Sweden,Tel: +46-8-698-90-20,Fax:00-46-8-698-90-25.

Save the Children - Sweden (2002) Children and Education. This publication presents what is stated in the Convention about children and education, and how Save the Children Sweden is working within this area. For more information, visit the website:

Save the Children Sweden (2003) Combat all forms of discrimination against boys and girls in South America . Reference guide. This guide analyses: the child as a rights holder; the protection mechanism of children and adolescents in South America ; and cases by country where discrimination issues were raised. The objective of the guide is to find ways to combat the discrimination against boys and girls in South America . For online version of this guide, please go:

Save the Children- UK (2002) We Have Something to Say, The Children’s Consortium. In this book, the children of Zimbabwe speak about the situation in the country (family, education, health, orphans, street children, child labour etc.)

Save the Children - UK (2002) Participation – Spice it Up! Practical Tools for Engaging Children and Young People in Planning and Consultations, London . For further information:

Save the Children UK , 17 Grove Lane, London , SE5 8RD , UK . Tel. 00 44 20 7703 5400, Fax. 00 44 20 7793 7626. Email: [email protected],uk

Save the Children - UK (2003) Finding the Right Tools for the job: Lessons learned on the application of ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. This paper describes lessons learned during three evaluation missions to Honduras , Bangladesh and Burkina Faso . It is aimed at key decision makers and activists involved in the application of ILO Convention 182. For more information, contact Save the Children UK, Tel: +44 20 7703 5400, Email: [email protected], Website:

Save the Children UK , (2003) Going Home: Demobilisation and Reintegration of Child Soldiers in the Democratic Republic of Congo . By Beth Verhey. Report analysing DDR programmes carried out in the North and South Kivu Provinces . Report available on

Save the Children UK , 2003. When Children Affected By War Go Home: Lessons learned from Liberia by Krijn Peters and Sophie Laws. This report explores what happened to many of the young people who returned home following the DDR process that took place from 1996-1997. For details of availability go to

Sävenstedt G., Sävenstedt S., Häggström T. (2000) East African Children of the Streets.

Save the Children. This study focuses on physical health but also reports on the stress and other pressing psychological aspects of street life for children as well as for those working with them. For more information, contact Save the Children.

Smith, A.B, Taylor N.J, Gollop, M.M (eds.) (2002) Children’s Voices: Research, Policy and Practice, Pearson Education, Auckland. The book, which includes numerous contributions and perspectives and addresses a wide public of professionals, provides a new focus on listening to the voices of children.

Solidaire (2001) Travail d’enfants pour Jumbo et Voogele. The above-name firms have made investigations in order to take measures to stop child labour in their factories if the allegations against them is true. Publication in French.

Sommerfelt T. (2001) Domestic Child Labour in Morocco. Fafo Institute for Applied Social Science. Many of the maids who work in households in Moroccan cities and town are young girls. This report is an analysis of the phenomenon of “small maids” in Morocco, in a child labour perspective. For more information, please visit:

Somerset, C (2001), What the Professionals know: the Trafficking of children into, and through, the UK for sexual purposes, ECPAT/UK, London. The report is part of a group of country studies on trafficking of children from Eastern to Western Europe. The project, co-ordinated by ECPAT European Law Enforcement Group and DCI-Netherlands, led to this report (among others), which is unique in the UK and reviews UK policies, literature, professionals’ views and case studies. Available in pdf format at: the following address:

Stephenson, S (2002) Child Labour in the Russian Federation, ILO, Geneva. A research which shows a new cause of child labour since the implementation of a liberal economy in the Russian Federation: the proliferation of child labour is due to a need to obtained new goods and services.



The Red Cross (2001) National societies discuss child slavery in Africa. Federation News. This publication encompasses slavery, trafficking and sale and child labour in Benin.

Theis, J. et al /Save the Children (2004) Promoting Rights Based Approaches: experiences and ideas from Asia and the Pacific This book is a collection of experiences in the promotion of rights-based approaches of NGOs and partner organisations in Asia and the Pacific. It is intended for use by NGOs and their partners, UN organsations, donors and governments. This document is available online at: or please visit:

Tomasevski, K. (2003), Education Denied, Costs and Remedies. This book, written by the UN special Rapporteur on the right to education, aims to highlight the adverse impacts on children and young people of not having access to effective formal education. For more information, contact Right to Education Project, Tel: +41-22-917-78-54, Fax: +41-22-917-78-01, Website:, Email: [email protected]



UCW - Understanding Children’s Work (2002) Child Labour and Health: Evidence and Research Issues. The aim of this paper is to examine the complex relationship between child labour and health in order to be able to determine the forms of child labour that are most harmful to the physical health of the child. For more information visit: For an online version of the document:

UCW (2004) Child Labour and Access to Basic Services: evidence from five countries This paper produced by UCW claims that analyses of the factors attributing to child labour have had the tendency to overlook the role of basic services. The main assertion made is that the availability of these services can have a significant bearing on a child’s school attendance and the time that he/she allots to school or to work. This paper is available online at: Website:

UCW-Project (2003) Understanding Children’s Work Project Fifth and Final Progress Report for Phase I; This report outlines the lessons learned and the areas of progress needed in research on child labour. It also provides useful guidelines in conducting research, data collection and data analysis on child labour. This document can be downloaded at: For more information, please contact: [email protected]

United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (habitat) (2002) Strategies to Combat homelessness, UNCHS, Nairobi. The report examines the systematic issue that contribute to homelessness, characteristics of homeless people, with a special emphasis on street children, and examples of interventions that have succeeded in addressing homelessness. For more information, please visit the website:

UNDP (2003) Human Development Report 2003. This is the annual report released by the UNDP on the status of human development around the world. The focus of this year’s report is the Millennium Development Goals as a way to end poverty. Available online at:

UNICEF (2001) Profiting from abuse, New York. This book, available in Spanish and French, gathers opinions from personalities such as the President of Philippines and other authorities on the phenomenon of commercial sexual exploitation of children. It also presents children testimonies.

UNICEF (2001) The States of the World’s Children 2002, New York. The 2002 report, available in English, French and Spanish, has as its focus the issue of leadership and deals with the “Say Yes for Children” campaign and the UN Special Session on Children. For further information, please visit the UNICEF web site:

UNICEF (2001) Poverty and Children: Lessons of the 90s for Least Developed Countries, New York. One of the main reasons of child labour is poverty. This book explains why investing in children is the key to reducing poverty and as a consequence child labour.

UNICEF (2002) The Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child, New York and Geneva. Revisited version, including CD-Rom. This book is a practical tool for all those involved in implementing the principles and provisions of the Convention and realizing the human rights of children. For more information, contact United Nations Publications, Tel: +41-22-917-0027, Email: [email protected]

UNICEF (2002) Barriers to girl’s education, strategies and interventions. This short document looks at a number of barriers, their possible causes, broad strategies and specific interventions that may be useful in addressing them. For more information, please visit

UNICEF UK (2003) End Child Exploitation: Stop the Traffic! This report seeks to reveal the true status of trafficking in the UK. For an online version of this report, please go to: For more information contact: UNICEF UK, Tel: +44 (0) 870 606 3377 Fax: +44 (0) 1245 477 394 Email: [email protected]

UNICEF/Innocenti, (2001) Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights, 16 p. Only estimates exist, but at least 250 million children work for a living in developing countries, nearly half of them full time. Beyond Child Labour shows how UNICEF and its major partners are working to end child labour. Child labour can and must be consigned to history. Publication in English, French and Spanish. Available (Free of cost) in the following formats: Print. Note title and order. PDF at: For further information:

UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Piazza SS. Annunziata, 12 50122 Florence, Italy / Tel: 00 39 55 20330 / 00 39 55 244 817 / E-mail : [email protected]

UNICEF/Innocenti Research Centre (2002) Birth Registration: Right from the Start, UNICEF, Florence. A report denouncing that at least 50 million children are denied of the right to an official identity whereas child exploitation and abuse appear to be on the rise and thrive on non-registration.

UNICEF/Innocenti Research Centre (2002) Child trafficking in West Africa: policy responses, UNCEF, Florence. In this study, the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre has worked with the UNICEF Regional Office for West and Central Africa to identify effective policy solutions in eight countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Mali, Nigeria and Togo.

UNICEF/Innocenti Research Centre (2002) Harnessing Globalisation for Children, UNICEF, Florence. Publication analysing the impact of the latest forms of globalisation on children. Available in pdf format at:

UNICEF/Innocenti Research Centre (2002) Poverty and Exclusion among Urban Children. This report examines the potential of good urban governance founded upon human rights principles to promote positive change for and with children. For more information, contact

UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Tel: +39.55.20330, Email: [email protected], Website:

UNICRI (2002) Project against trafficking in minors and young women from Nigeria with Italy. Programmes on international adoption and trafficking in minors in Ukraine; action programme against trafficking in children (under 18 years of age) for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute’s work programme for the biennium 2002-2003 and report to the board of trustees for 2001.

USDOL and ILO (2002) Advancing the Global Campaign Against Child Labour: Progress Made and Future Actions. This report is a summary of the proceedings from the conference held by the U.S. Department of Labour in collaboration with ILO. It is a collection of discussions on raising awareness against child labour; discussions with former child workers; implementation strategies in the workplace and educational opportunities. Information and Contact: U.S. Department of Labour, Bureau of International Labour Affairs, International Child Labour Program, S-5307, Washington, D.C. 20210

USDOL (2004) Advancing the Campaign Against Child Labour: the resource allocations of national governments and international financial institutions This publication shows that in 73 developing countries, more central government expenditure was dedicated to education than to the military. This document is available online at: Website:



Veale, A. (2003) From Child Soldier to Ex-Fighter: female fighters, demobilisation and reintegration in Ethiopia. The research project on children in armed conflict (Interact) of the Institute for Security Studies in Pretoria, has published this monograph that documents the experiences of a group of former girl child soldiers (as part of the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front) from their times as a soldier to how they reintegrate into civilian society. For an online version of this monograph please go to: For more information, contact: Interact – Children in Armed Conflict, Institute for Security Studies, Email: [email protected], Website:



Wahba J., Economic Research Forum for the Arab Countries (2001) Child labor and poverty transmission: no room for dream. It is widely believed that poverty is the main reason for child labour. Recent studies have focused on the impact of poverty on child labour. In this paper, the inter-generational transmission of poverty is explored by testing whether parents who themselves worked as child labourers are more or less likely to send their children out to work or invest in their children’s education. For more information, please contact the Economic Research Forum for the Arab Countries, Tel: +20-2-337-0810, Website: , Email: [email protected]

Wolthuis A, Blaak M. (eds.) (2001) Trafficking in Children for Sexual Purposes from Eastern Europe to Western Europe: an Exploratory Research in Eight Western European Receiving Countries, ECPAT European Law Enforcement Group, Amsterdam. This is the complete report of the research project launched by ECPAT European Law Enforcement Group and DCI-Netherlands. For further information on the above report, please contact Stan Meuwese, DCI-Netherlands: [email protected]

Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children (2002) Fending for themselves: Afghan Refugee Children and Adolescents for Working in Urban Pakistan. This report identifies how the recent war in Afghanistan has had an impact on refugee young people in urban Pakistan, worsening the situation of thousands of them who are compelled to harmful child labour in order to survive. For further information: Women’s commission for refugee women and children, 122 East 42 nd Street, 12 th floor, New York NY 10168 - 1289 USA. Tel: 00 1 212 551 3088 / Fax: 00 1 212 551 3107. E-mail: [email protected]

Women and Child Rights Project (2003) Education Report March 2003 “Burma’s Education in Corrupt and Oppression against Ethnic Education in Mon Territory” This report seeks to examine the reality of state of education and child right’s in the Mon region of Burma. For more information please contact: Woman and Child Rights Project (Southern Burma) P.O. Box 11, Ratchburana Post Office, Bangkok 10140, Thailand. Email: [email protected]

Women Educational Researchers of Kenya (WERK) for SNV/Kenya and German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) (2004) The Story of Children Living and Working on the Streets of Nairobi: linking research to advocacy and action This report provides reasonable estimates of the number of working children in Nairobi. It also provides the valuable perspectives of children themselves on their experiences and opinions on working and living on the street. This report can be downloaded from: For more information, please contact: SNV Kenya, PO Box 30776, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: +254-2-573656 Fax: +254-2-573650 e-mail: [email protected]

World Bank (2003) World Development Report 2004: Making Services Work for Poor People. This report focuses on policies improving the access of poor people to affordable, better quality services in health, education, water, sanitation and electricity. Policies such as school vouchers and girl’s scholarship program are discussed as well as more effective strategies for donor agencies. For an online version of this document, please go to: http://econ. wdr2004

World Vision- Cambodia (2001) Children’s Work - Adults’ Play/ Child Sex Tourism - The Problem in Cambodia. A report emphasising child sexual exploitation related to tourism in Cambodia. This paper also provides conclusions on target groups, social issues concerning sex tourism and recommendations for future actions.

World Vision International (2003) Faces of Violence in Latin America and the Caribbean. This book examines 12 countries that are confronted with soaring levels of violence. Recommendations are presented for confronting and curtailing cultures of violence and the structures, behaviours and perceptions that sustain them. For more information, contact World Vision International, Tel: +41 22 798 4183, Email: [email protected], Website:





Young Lives (2003) Getting to Grips with Child Poverty: the importance of Non-Income Indicators. This paper from the Young Lives project supported by DFID, argues that the traditional indicators such as: income, health and education are inadequate in quantifying child poverty. It challenges the concept that decreasing infant mortality and increasing educational opportunities must be given more of a priority than parental attitudes or psychological well-being. For more information, please contact: Young Lives, Save the Children Fund UK, Tel: 0044 207 703 5400, Fax: 0044 207 793 7630, Email: [email protected], Website: OR Howard White, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Tel: 0044 127 367 8747, Email: [email protected]

YAPI (2002) Modern Child Slavery : the coercion and exploitation of youth worldwide. This paper outlines the most successful campaigns in raising public awareness about child slavery. For an online version of this document: For more information, please visit:

Youth Advocate Program International (2003) Given Away: An Interview with Jean-Robert Cadet. This interview is the first in a series of discussions with former child slaves. Cadet recounts his story as a child enslaved in Haitain society, the relationship with the family that enslaved him and his final discovery of freedom in the U.S.A. For more information please visit: For an online version of this document:

Youth Advocate Program International (2002) Stateless Children. Booklet number 7, Series on international Youth Issues. This booklet presents the different barriers contributing to children’s statelessness. It encompasses a short section on child and bonded child labour.










Copyright © 2004 DCI-IS. All rights reserved
Database & Website creation by AVDesign
Design: Maya A. Mermoud