What is Juvenile Justice ?

In the narrowest sense, the term �juvenile justice� refers to legislation, norms and standards, procedures, mechanisms and provisions, institutions and bodies specifically applicable to juvenile offenders.

According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, �States Parties recognize the right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child's sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child's respect for the human rights and fundamental freedoms of others and which takes into account the child's age and the desirability of promoting the child's reintegration and the child's assuming a constructive role in society.� UNCRC, Article 40.1


For DCI, however, juvenile justice is understood to not just cover the treatment of children in conflict with the law. It also includes efforts to address the root causes of offending behaviour and implement measures to prevent such behaviour.  DCI also recognises the need for the protection of children, who are deprived of their liberty, not because they are conflict with the law, but for other reasons such as: physical or mental disabilities or troubles, perhaps because they are deprived of liberty to remain with family members, or are detained based on immigration law. 
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